DWI/DUI Court Evaluations

A DWI Court is problem solving court dedicated to changing the behavior of offenders arrested for DWI. The DWI Court or DWI/Drug Court uses the Drug Court model by focusing on accountability and long-term treatment to address the root causes of impaired driving.  Typically, DWI Courts use a post-conviction model so that convictions and license sanctions remain on the offender’s record.  According to the National Center for DWI Courts, there were 192 designated DWI Courts as of December 2011. In addition, there were another 406 Hybrid DWI/Drug Courts in operation. (A Hybrid DWI/Drug Court is one that started out as a Drug Court but now also takes DWI Offenders) 

Ashley Harron and Judge J. Michael Kavanaugh (Ret.). Research Update on DWI Courts (January 2015). This report summarizes the latest studies (last five years) on the impact of DWI Courts.

Minnesota DWI Courts: A Summary of Findings in Nine DWI Court Programs.  NPC Research (July 2014).

DUI Case Management in the Scottsdale City Court:  Applying the High Performance Court Framework, NCSC (May, 2014)

San Joaquin DUI Monitoring Court Process and Outcome Evaluation: Final Report,  NPC Research Portland, Oregon (September 2012)  This report is an evaluation of one counties DUI court.

The Ten Guiding Principles of DWI Courts. National Center for DWI Courts.

Drug/DUI Court Evaluation of Troup County Impact Evaluation:  Reductions in Recidivism, Political Science Department at LaGrange College, (2012).  This Report considers the impact of the Court on levels of recidivism for defendants referred there. Studies of the Court’s processes and other matters are scheduled for completion in the future.

An Evaluation of the Three Georgia DUI Courts, NHTSA, (March 2011). This report documents a process evaluation of the first few years of DUI court activities and then describes an impact evaluation that was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the three courts in Georgia.

Evaluation of the DUI Court Program in Maricopa County, Arizona, NHTSA, (July 2011). This is the final report of a project that evaluated the effectiveness of a DUI court program aimed at reducing felony DUI offenders’ subsequent alcohol-related traffic violations. The evaluation involved a descriptive and quantitative analysis of the program, and an impact evaluation of the program’s effect on the alcohol-related traffic law conviction recidivism of randomly assigned offenders to the DUI court program and the county’s standard probation program. The evaluation found that the DUI court concept as applied in Maricopa County was effective in reducing the recidivism of felony DUI offenders as measured by the time before a subsequent alcohol-related traffic conviction. The study also found that the DUI court program was more effective in reducing recidivism than the county’s standard probation program for the target group of offenders.

Weidner, Robert R. “Process Evaluation of the South St. Louis County DWI Court Program,” University of Minnesota Duluth, (April 2011). This process evaluation of the South St. Louis County DWI Court examines the first 27 months of its operation.

Huddleston, C. West and Douglas B. Marlowe “Painting the Current Picture: A National Report Card on Drug Courts and Other Problem Solving Court Programs in the United States.” (July 2011). National Drug Court Institute This report provides a summary of the 2009 national survey of drug court and other problem solving courts including a review of DWI court evaluations.

Nix, Elisha. “A DWI Court’s success in a small county,” The Prosecutor 39, 2 (March-April 2009). This article discusses the success that a small Texas County experienced when they implemented a DWI court.

Cissner, Amanda B. “The Drug Court Model and Persistent DWI: An Evaluation of the Erie and Niagara DWI/Drug Courts,” The Center for Court Innovation, (September 2009). The current report evaluates the impact of the Erie and Niagara courts on re-arrest and case processing. In addition, the report examines DWI court compliance and alcohol use outcomes among the participant sample.

Adult DUI/DWI Treatment Court Programs. Maryland Drug Courts, Office of Problem Solving Courts, (2007). Maryland's guidelines for planning and implementing an adult DUI/DWI treatment court program  It covers planning for a drug-treatment court, developing program operational procedures, and addressing policy issues. 

Report on the Overall Impact of Alcohol and Other Drugs Across All Case Types.  Minnesota Supreme Court Chemical Dependency Task Force, (November 2006). This study looks at the impact of substance abuse by specific case types and sets forth recommendation to address the findings.

Flango, Victor E. “What's Happening with DWI Courts?”  National Center for State Courts, (2006). This article argues that the growth rate of DWI courts can be sustained with a more diversified funding base and the use of technology to reduce the cost of monitoring clients.

DWI/DUI Courts as of 2006, National Center for State Courts, (2006). This chart provides information on the caseload and recidivism rates for numerous DWI/DUI courts across the country.

Flango, Victor E. “DWI Courts: The Newest Problem-Solving Courts,”  Court Review 42, 1 (Spring 2005).This article addresses the trend in problem-solving courts, specifically Driving While under the Influence or Driving While Intoxicated courts. The author explores the reasons for creating a DWI court, the trend of issues that most DWI courts face, and provides information regarding case type, caseload, and recidivism rate for 63 DWI courts across the country. 

Cheesman, Fred, Denise Dancy, Ann Jones, and Don Hardenbergh. “An Examination of Recidivism of Offenders Receiving Services from the Virginia Alcohol Safety Action Program. NCSC and Court Work, (August 2004). There are 24 Alcohol Safety Action Program (ASAP) District Offices operating throughout Virginia.  This report provides an assessment of their success in reducing the incidence of driving under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.

Douglas, John. “Evaluation of the Colorado DUI/DWAI System: Final Report.”  National Center for State Courts, (2004). This report presents the results from the NCSC analysis of information received from the stakeholders in the state of Colorado and data gathered during 2002, when a project team visited to gather information regarding DUI proceedings and case filing statistics.

Keith, Ann L.DUI Courts”. National Center for State Courts, (2002). This article describes examples of DUI court programs that have been developed, many in conjunction with already established drug courts.

Library Resources:
Available from the NCSC Library by emailing library@ncsc.org.

Phoenix Municipal Court: Final DUI Pilot Project Report. Phoenix, AZ: Phoenix Municipal Court, 2007.
(Available in the NCSC library: KFA2919 F56 2007).

Evaluation of the Outcomes in Three Therapeutic Courts: Anchorage Felony Drug Court, Anchorage Felony DUI Court, Bethel Therapeutic Court. Anchorage, AK: Alaska Judicial Council, 2005. (Available in the NCSC library: KFA1710 A43 2005).

Talpins, Stephen K. Drug Evaluation and Classification Program: Targeting Hardcore Impaired Drivers.
Alexandria, VA: American Prosecutors Research Institute, 2004. (Available in the NCSC library: HE5620 D65 T35 2004).