Specific Populations

Addressing special populations for alcohol related offenses may give judges a greater opportunity to provide early intervention or to tailor sentencing and interventions to meet the specific needs or characteristics of the offender.  Populations such as juvenile drivers, female drivers, and hard core drinking drivers may need special attention.  On the other hand, it is important to not provide an easy out to social drinkers who have committed drinking and driving offenses.

Strategies for Combating Juvenile DUI, NHTSA. This publication is part of “Strategies for Success: Combating Juvenile DUI,” a four-part series that describes the Juvenile DUI Enforcement Program. The comprehensive program connects eight foundation elements in a single framework.

Interrupting the Hardcore Drunk Driving Continuum, National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges.  Adjudicating juveniles for alcohol-related offenses gives the justice system an opportunity for early intervention in the truest sense of the word. Judges are in a unique position to make a difference in their communities by dealing more effectively with the juvenile alcohol offender.  They can take a pro-active leadership role in the development of community-based comprehensive prevention and intervention programs and networks.

State of Knowledge: Female Drunk Drivers - Executive Summary, TIRF, (2011). The purpose of this report is to provide a current state of knowledge about drunk driving among female drivers. Its objectives are to describe the magnitude of the female drunk driver problem, the characteristics of these offenders, the current involvement of female drivers testing positive for alcohol in fatal crashes, and effective strategies that are available and being applied to manage this population.  The full report is available at State of Knowledge: Female Drunk Drivers.

Alcohol and Highway Safety: Special Report on Race/Ethnicity and Impaired Driving, NHTSA, December 2010. This report reviews the state of knowledge of alcohol-impaired driving among major racial and ethnic groups living in the United States. Although it primarily focuses on the relationship between impaired driving and race/ethnicity, this review also covers patterns of alcohol use and misuse among various racial and ethnic groups within the United States.

Hardcore Drunk Driving Judicial Guide, 2nd Edition The Century Council - This resource discusses hardcore drunk drivers and details some of the sentencing options judges have in dealing with them.

DWI System Improvements for Dealing with Hard Core Drinking Drivers: Enforcement. Traffic Injury Research Foundation, 2001.  The present report underscores the need for system improvements by identifying key problems in the prosecution of DWI offenders and recommends practical solutions derived from prior research and validated by the experiences of several hundred prosecutors who participated in the project.

The Tooth Fairy, Santa Claus, and the Hard Core Drinking Driver, Injury Prevention, 2001. The hard core and social drinker rhetoric creates a convenient scapegoat for Canada’s and, no doubt, other countries’ impaired driving problems. By blaming hard core drinking drivers, proponents of these stereotypes allow mainstream “social drinkers” to separate themselves from the impaired driving issue, without ever having to critically assess their own drinking and driving habits.

NCSC Library Resources:
Available from the NSC Library by emailing library@ncsc.org.

Kerrigan, Sarah. Drug Toxicology for Prosecutors: Targeting Hardcore Impaired Drivers. Alexandria, VA:
American Prosecutors Research Institute, 2004. (Available in the NCSC library: KF8925 T7 K47 2004).

Talpins, Stephen K. Drug Evaluation and Classification Program: Targeting Hardcore Impaired Drivers.
Alexandria, VA: American Prosecutors Research Institute, 2004. (Available in the NCSC library: HE5620 D65 T35 2004).

Crash Reconstruction Basics for Prosecutors: Targeting Hardcore Impaired Drivers. Alexandria, VA:
American Prosecutors Research Institute, 2003. (Available in the NCSC library: KF8925 T7 C73 2003).

A Judicial Curriculum on Juvenile DWI and Alcohol & Other Drug Use: Saving Lives and Strengthening
Communities. United States Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2003. (Available in the NCSC library: HE5620 D7 J83 2003 V. 1/2/3).

Beyond the Bench [videorecording]: You Can Help Reduce Juvenile DUI and Alcohol Violations.
Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Justice, 1996. (Available in the NCSC library: HE5620 D7 B48 1996).

San Juan County DWI Program: Twenty-Eight Day Incarceration, Treatment, and Aftercare Program for
First Time DWI Offenders. Farmington, NM: 1996. (Available in the NCSC library: KFN3897.8 Z9 S26 1996).

Strategies for Dealing with the Persistent Drinking Driver. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council
Transportation Research Board, Committee on Alcohol, Other Drugs and Transportation, 1995. (Available in the NCSC library: TA1001.5 T68 no. 437 1995).