Traffic Issues

Aggressive Driving

Speeding - NHTSA's Page on Speeding

Aggressive Driving - AAA Foundation's Aggressive Driving Module

Speeding and Aggressive Driving, Governors Highway Safety Association (March 2017). This page gives an overview of speed limits and aggressive driving laws for all 50 states, plus the District of Columbia and U.S. Territories.

Prevalence of Self-Reported Aggressive Driving Behavior: United States, 2014, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety (July 2016). The purpose of this study was to provide estimates of the prevalence of aggressive driving behaviors. The data analyzed were collected via a nationally-representative online survey of 2,705 licensed drivers aged 16 and older conducted in the United States in 2014. Seventy-eight percent of U.S. drivers reported having engaged in at least one aggressive driving behavior at least once in the past year. The most common such behaviors, reported by roughly half of all drivers, were purposely tailgating another vehicle, yelling at another driver, and honking their horn “to show annoyance or anger.”

Motivations for Speeding, Volume 1: Summary ReportNHTSA (August 2012). This is Volume I of a three-volume report. It contains the results of a study that examined the speeding behaviour of drivers in their own vehicles over the course of three to four weeks of naturalistic driving in urban (Seattle, Washington) and rural (College Station, Texas) settings. The purpose of this research was to (1) identify the reasons why drivers speed, (2) model the relative roles of situational, demographic, and personality factors in predicting travel speeds, (3) classify speeders, and (4) identify interventions, countermeasures, and strategies for reducing speeding behaviours.

Bicycles

Bicyclists - NHTSA's page on cyclists.

How To Fit A Bike Helmet - This is an instructional video from NHTSA on how to properly fit a bike helmet.

Bicyclists and Pedestrians, Governors Highway Safety Association (March 2017). This page gives an overview of bicycle helmet laws for all 50 states, plus the District of Columbia and U.S. Territories.

Traffic Safety Facts: Bicyclists and Other Cyclists, NHTSA (2014).

Child Safety

Parents Central - NHTSA's primary resource for Child Safety

Child Passenger Safety - The CDC's page on vehicle safety equipment to protect children in traffic crashes

Child Passenger Safety LawsGovernors Highway Safety Association (March 2017). This page gives an overview of child passenger safety laws for all 50 states, plus the District of Columbia and U.S. Territories.

Car Seat Recommendations for ChildrenNHTSA (March 2011).

Traffic Safety Facts: ChildrenNHTSA (2008).

Driver Education

Evaluation of Beginner Driver Education in Oregon, Safety (February 2017). This study analyzed the effects of driver education among drivers in the state of Oregon.

National Overview of Driver EducationNHTSA (April 2008). This investigation was undertaken to collect information from the 50 States and the District of Columbia regarding their driver education requirements, delivery systems, teacher training, and licensing requirements for novice drivers under age 18.

Overview of Non-Traditional Driver Education ProgramsNHTSA (December 2010). This report identifies agencies or entities that offer non-traditional driver education programs.

Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs: Driver EducationNHTSA (March 2009).

Occupant Protection

Equipment - NHTSA's module on Automobile Safety Equipment

Seat Belts - NHTSA's page on Seat Belts

Seat Belts, Governors Highway Safety Association (March 2017). This page explains the difference between primary and secondary seat belt laws and gives an overviews of seat belt laws in all 50 states, plus the District of Columbia and U.S. Territories.

Traffic Safety Facts: Occupant Protection in Passenger Vehicles, NHTSA (February 2017).

Traffic Safety Facts: Seat Belt Use in 2016NHTSA (November 2016).

Traffic Safety Facts: Seat Belt Use in 2015NHTSA (February 2016).

Fatality Reduction by Seat Belts in The Center Rear Seat and Comparison of Occupants’ Relative Fatality Risk at Various Seating Positions, NHTSA (February 2017). This study analyzed safety improvement and fatality reduction as a result of 2002's Anton's Law, which went into effect in September 2007. The study analyzed FARS data from 1990 to 2014.

Evaluation of a High-Visibility Enforcement Seat Belt Program on the Blue Ridge ParkwayNHTSA (December 2014). This is an evaluation of the National Park Service's implementation of a high-visibility seat belt enforcement program on the Blue Ridge Parkway (BRP), which involved low-cost media and strong enforcement partnerships, activity associated with significant increases in observed seat belt use on the BRP.

Demonstration of the Trauma Nurses Talk Tough Seat Belt Diversion Program in North CarolinaNHTSA (March 2014). The results of this study support the combination of high-visibility enforcement and a diversion classroom-based brief intervention as a means of increasing seat belt use in a predominately rural, low-belt-use area. North Carolina has a primary belt law and relatively high fines and fees.

Summary of Vehicle Occupant Protection Laws: Ninth Edition, Current as of June 1, 2010NHTSA (April 2011).

Strategies to Increase Seat Belt Use: An Analysis of Levels of Fines and the Type of LawNHTSA (November 2010). The main objectives of this study were to determine the relationships between seat belt use in the States and (1) the type of seat belt law enforcement (primary versus secondary), and (2) seat belt fine levels.

Daytime and Nighttime Seat Belt Use by Fatally Injured Passenger Vehicle OccupantsNHTSA (July 2010). The difference in day and night seat belt use among fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants was investigated by personal, environmental, and vehicle characteristics.

Evaluation of a County Enforcement Program with a Primary Seat Belt Ordinance: St. Louis County, MissouriNHTSA (May 2010). In March 2007, St. Louis County implemented a seat belt ordinance that allowed for traditional enforcement procedures. In order to increase usage on St. Louis County roads, particularly on roadways with fatal or disabling injury crashes, the St. Louis County Police Department conducted an intense high visibility enforcement (HVE) campaign along an 8-mile corridor on State Highway 21 in the southeastern part of the county.

Nighttime Enforcement of Seat Belt Laws: An Evaluation of Three Community ProgramsNHTSA (August 2009). This is an evaluation of programs to enforce seat belt laws at night, conducted in Asheville and Greenville, North Carolina and Charleston, West Virginia.

Pedestrians

Pedestrian Safety - NHTSA's page on Pedestrian Safety

Everyone Is A Pedestrian - NHTSA's "Everyone Is A Pedestrian" website

Updated Analysis of Pedestrian and Pedalcyclist Crashes With Hybrid Vehicles, NHTSA (February 2017).

Traffic Safety Facts: PedestriansNHTSA (February 2017).

High Visibility Enforcement on Driver Compliance with Pedestrian Right-of-Way LawsNHTSA (August 2013). This study developed and evaluated strategies to increase driver yielding to pedestrians on a citywide basis using high-visibility pedestrian right-of-way enforcement.

Evaluation of the Miami-Dade Pedestrian Safety Demonstration ProjectNHTSA (June 2008). The purpose of this study was to identify and implement a comprehensive countermeasure program that could reduce deaths and injuries among pedestrians in a large urban environment.

School Buses

School Buses - NHTSA's Module on School Bus Safety

Traffic Safety Facts: School Transportation-Related CrashesNHTSA (January 2017). This resource reports statistics that involve school transportation-related crashes. These crashes are defined as those which involve, either directly or indirectly, a school bus body vehicle, or a non-school bus functioning as a school bus, transporting children to or from school-related activities.

School Bus SafetyNational Conference of State Legislatures (July 2012). This report provides an overview of information regarding school bus safety. It also analyzes state action on a variety of different issues, including seatbelts, cellular phone use, driver licensing and illegally passing school buses.

School Bus Seat Belt and Carryover Effects in Elementary School ChildrenNHTSA (October 2009). The purpose of this paper is to explore the proposition that the lack of seat belts on school buses increases the likelihood that elementary school children will not use seat belts in personal vehicles. The paper reviews the limited evidence on this “carryover” effect and looks at current knowledge and understanding of human learning and cognitive development as it applies to the potential carryover effects of no seat belts on school buses to seat belt use in personal vehicles. This paper focuses specifically on children ages 5 to 10.

Teen Driving

Teen Driving - NHTSA's page on Teen Driving

Teen and Novice Drivers, Governors Highway Safety Association (March 2017). This page gives an overview of graduated driver licensing laws in all 50 states, plus the District of Columbia and U.S. Territories.

Traffic Safety Facts: Young DriversNHTSA (February 2017). This fact sheet gives an overview of NHTSA traffic and fatality data from 2015 for drivers between the ages of 15 and 20.